Degree Requirements

Comparative Constitutional Law – credit requirements (CCL LL.M.)

Students studying for an LL.M. degree in Comparative Constitutional Law shall obtain 24 Legal Studies course credits and write a short thesis, or shall obtain 21 Legal Studies credits and write a long thesis. 
The course credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:
Mandatory courses
Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit) 
Introduction to Public International Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 1, 2 credits) 
Introduction to U.S. Constitutional Law / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 1, 2 credits)
Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / SJD Candidate (Mod. 1, 0 credit)
Elements of Comparative Constitutional Law / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2, 1 credit) 
Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Matthias Möschel
(Mod. 2-3, 0 credit) 
Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)
Restricted elective courses (mandatory credits)
Rights-related courses (5 credits must be obtained out of 8) 
Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
Protection of Constitutional Rights / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
Political Rights in Comparative Perspective / Daniel Smilov (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
Comparative Equality / Michel Rosenfeld (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Government-related courses (3 credits must be obtained out of 7)
Introduction to German Constitutional Law / Alexander Blankenagel (Mod. 2, 1 credit)
Constitutions and Constitution-Making in Europe / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
French Constitutional Law / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
Separation of Powers / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
Constitution-Building in Africa / Markus Böckenförde, Gedion Hessebon (Mod. 4, 1 credit) 
Comparative Federalism / Patrick Macklem (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
EU Constitutional Law – Advanced / Ronan McCrea (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Theoretical Perspectives (2 credit must be obtained out of 5)
Constitutional Adjudication / Aharon Barak (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Critical Race Theory / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Theories of Constitutional Interpretation / Renáta Uitz, Thiago Amparo (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Europe: Transnational Constitutional Identity / Susanna Mancini (Mod. 6, 1 credit) 
Theory of Fundamental Rights / Matthias Mahlmann (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.
Students in the Clinical Specialization shall see further requirements.

Students studying for an LL.M. degree in Comparative Constitutional Law shall obtain 24 Legal Studies course credits and write a short thesis, or shall obtain 21 Legal Studies credits and write a long thesis. 

 

The course credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:

 

Mandatory courses

  • Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit) 
  • Introduction to Public International Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 1, 2 credits) 
  • Introduction to U.S. Constitutional Law / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 1, 2 credits)
  • Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / SJD Candidate (Mod. 1, 0 credit)
  • Elements of Comparative Constitutional Law / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2, 1 credit) 
  • Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Matthias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit) 
  • Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)

 

Restricted elective courses (mandatory credits)

* Rights-related courses (5 credits must be obtained out of 8) 

  • Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
  • Protection of Constitutional Rights / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
  • Political Rights in Comparative Perspective / Daniel Smilov (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
  • Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
  • Comparative Equality / Michel Rosenfeld (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
  • Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)

* Government-related courses (3 credits must be obtained out of 7)

  • Introduction to German Constitutional Law / Alexander Blankenagel (Mod. 2, 1 credit)
  • Constitutions and Constitution-Making in Europe / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
  • French Constitutional Law / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
  • Separation of Powers / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
  • Constitution-Building in Africa / Markus Böckenförde, Gedion Hessebon (Mod. 4, 1 credit) 
  • Comparative Federalism / Patrick Macklem (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • EU Constitutional Law – Advanced / Ronan McCrea (Mod. 5, 1 credit)

* Theoretical Perspectives (2 credit must be obtained out of 5)

  • Constitutional Adjudication / Aharon Barak (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Critical Race Theory / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Theories of Constitutional Interpretation / Renáta Uitz, Thiago Amparo (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Europe: Transnational Constitutional Identity / Susanna Mancini (Mod. 6, 1 credit) 
  • Theory of Fundamental Rights / Matthias Mahlmann (Mod. 6, 1 credit)

 

Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.

Students in the Clinical Specialization shall see further requirements.

M.A. in Human Rights – credit requirements (HR MA)

Students studying for an M.A. degree in Human Rights shall obtain 28 Legal Studies course credits and write a thesis of 50–100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words). 
The 28 course credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:
Mandatory courses (7 credits)
Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit)
Introduction to Human Rights / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Introduction to Law / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
Introduction to Public International Law / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 2, 1 credit)
Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit) 
Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)
For the mandatory courses Human Rights M.A. students receive a total of 7 credits and shall take additional 21 credits (11 credits from restricted elective courses and 10 credits from elective courses) during the academic year.
Restricted elective courses (mandatory credits)
Rights-related courses (3 credits must be obtained out of 8)
Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
Individual and Human Rights / Wiktor Osiatynski (Mod. 3, 2 credits)
Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Rights of the Vulnerable and Minority Groups (3 credits must be obtained out of 9)
Asylum, Refugees / Boldizsár Nagy (Mod. 2, 1 credit) 
Children’s Rights and Juvenile Justice / Károly Bárd (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
Human Rights in Health / Judit Sándor (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
Mental Disability Law and Advocacy / Oliver Lewis (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
Peoples’ Rights, Indigenous Peoples' Rights and Minority Rights in International Law/ István Pogány, Boldizsár Nagy (Mod. 4, 2 credits)
Human Rights in Africa with Special Focus on Gender Issues / Victoria Ijeoma Nwogu (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Victims’ Rights and Due Process / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Roma Rights / Bernard Rorke (Mod. 5-6, 1 credit)
Advocacy & Human Rights Policy (3 credits must be obtained out of 7)
Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
Archives, Evidence and Human Rights / Iván Székely, Csaba Szilágyi & András Mink (Mod. 3-4, 2 credits)
Designing and Implementing Human Rights Projects / Károly Bárd (Mod. 4-5, 1 credit)
Human Rights in the Developing World / Charlotte Steinorth (Mod. 6, 2 credits) 
International Human Rights Advocacy and Practice / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 6, 1 credit) 
Theoretical Perspectives (2 credit must be obtained out of 5)
Critical Perspectives on Human Rights / Charlotte Steinorth (Mod. 5, 2 credits) 
Critical Race Theory / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Interpreting the ECHR: Theories and Doctrines / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Theory of Fundamental Rights / Matthias Mahlmann (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.
Students in the International Justice Specialization and the Clinical Specialization shall see further requirements.

Students studying for an M.A. degree in Human Rights shall obtain 28 Legal Studies course credits and write a thesis of 50–100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words). 

 

The 28 course credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:

 

Mandatory courses (7 credits)

  • Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit)
  • Introduction to Human Rights / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Introduction to Law / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
  • Introduction to Public International Law / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 2, 1 credit)
  • Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit) 
  • Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)

 

For the mandatory courses Human Rights M.A. students receive a total of 7 credits and shall take additional 21 credits (11 credits from restricted elective courses and 10 credits from elective courses) during the academic year.

 

Restricted elective courses (mandatory credits)

* Rights-related courses (3 credits must be obtained out of 8)

  • Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
  • Individual and Human Rights / Wiktor Osiatynski (Mod. 3, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)

* Rights of the Vulnerable and Minority Groups (3 credits must be obtained out of 9)

  • Asylum, Refugees / Boldizsár Nagy (Mod. 2, 1 credit) 
  • Children’s Rights and Juvenile Justice / Károly Bárd (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
  • Human Rights in Health / Judit Sándor (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
  • Mental Disability Law and Advocacy / Oliver Lewis (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
  • Peoples’ Rights, Indigenous Peoples' Rights and Minority Rights in International Law/ IstvánPogány, Boldizsár Nagy (Mod. 4, 2 credits)
  • Human Rights in Africa with Special Focus on Gender Issues / Victoria Ijeoma Nwogu (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Victims’ Rights and Due Process / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Roma Rights / Bernard Rorke (Mod. 5-6, 1 credit)

* Advocacy & Human Rights Policy (3 credits must be obtained out of 7)

  • Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
  • Archives, Evidence and Human Rights / Iván Székely, Csaba Szilágyi & András Mink (Mod. 3-4, 2 credits)
  • Designing and Implementing Human Rights Projects / Károly Bárd (Mod. 4-5, 1 credit)
  • Human Rights in the Developing World / Charlotte Steinorth (Mod. 6, 2 credits) 
  • International Human Rights Advocacy and Practice / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 6, 1 credit) 

Theoretical Perspectives (2 credit must be obtained out of 5)

  • Critical Perspectives on Human Rights / Charlotte Steinorth (Mod. 5, 2 credits) 
  • Critical Race Theory / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Interpreting the ECHR: Theories and Doctrines / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Theory of Fundamental Rights / Matthias Mahlmann (Mod. 6, 1 credit)

 

Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.

Students in the International Justice Specialization and the Clinical Specialization shall see further requirements.

LL.M. in Human Rights – credit requirements (HR LL.M.)

Students studying for an LL.M. degree in Human Rights shall obtain 28 Legal Studies credits and write a thesis of 50–100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words).
The course 28 credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:
Mandatory courses (7 credits)
Introduction to Public International Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 1, 2 credits)
Introduction to Human Rights / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit) 
Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit) 
Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / S.J.D. Candidate (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit)
Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)
For the mandatory courses HR LL.M students receive a total of 7 credits and shall accordingly take additional 21 credits (11 credits from restricted elective courses and 10 credits from elective courses) during the academic year. 
Restricted elective courses (mandatory credits)
Rights-related courses
a) Classics (3 credits must be obtained out of 9)
Human Rights and Criminal Justice / Károly Bárd (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
Political Rights in Comparative Perspective / Daniel Smilov (Mod. 4, 1 credit) 
Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
b) Contemporary Challenges (2 credits must be obtained out of 7)
Human Rights in Health / Judit Sándor (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
Peoples’ Rights, Indigenous Peoples' Rights  and Minority Rights in International Law/ István Pogány, Boldizsár Nagy (Mod. 4, 2 credits)
Human Rights in Emergency Situations / Mordechai Kremnitzer (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Roma Rights / Bernard Rorke (Mod. 5-6, 1 credit)
International Criminal Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 6, 2 credits)
Government-related courses (2 credits must be obtained out of 4)
Introduction to EU Constitutional Law / Petra Bárd (Mod. 2, 1 credit)
Separation of Powers / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
Constitution-Building in Africa / Markus Böckenförde, Gedion Hessebon (Mod. 4, 1 credit) 
EU Constitutional Law – Advanced / Ronan McCrea (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Enforcing Rights and Human Rights Advocacy (2 credits must be obtained out of 6)
Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
Courts in Dialogue / András Sajó (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
Mental Disability Law and Advocacy / Oliver Lewis (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
Constitutional Adjudication / Aharon Barak (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Persuasive Argumentation Exercise – Moot Court / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
International Human Rights Advocacy and Practice / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Theoretical Perspectives (2 credit must be obtained out of 5)
Critical Perspectives on Human Rights / Charlotte Steinorth (Mod. 5, 2 credits) 
Critical Race Theory / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Interpreting the ECHR: Theories and Doctrines / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Theory of Fundamental Rights / Matthias Mahlmann (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.
Students in the International Justice Specialization and the Clinical Specialization shall see further requirements.
 

Students studying for an LL.M. degree in Human Rights shall obtain 28 Legal Studies credits and write a thesis of 50–100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words).

The course 28 credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:

 

Mandatory courses (7 credits)

  • Introduction to Public International Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 1, 2 credits)
  • Introduction to Human Rights / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit) 
  • Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit) 
  • Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / S.J.D. Candidate (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
  • Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit)
  • Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)

 

For the mandatory courses HR LL.M students receive a total of 7 credits and shall accordingly take additional 21 credits (11 credits from restricted elective courses and 10 credits from elective courses) during the academic year. 

 

Restricted elective courses (mandatory credits)

* Rights-related courses

a) Classics (3 credits must be obtained out of 9)

  • Human Rights and Criminal Justice / Károly Bárd (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
  • Political Rights in Comparative Perspective / Daniel Smilov (Mod. 4, 1 credit) 
  • Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)

b) Contemporary Challenges (2 credits must be obtained out of 7)

  • Human Rights in Health / Judit Sándor (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
  • Peoples’ Rights, Indigenous Peoples' Rights  and Minority Rights in International Law/ István Pogány, Boldizsár Nagy (Mod. 4, 2 credits)
  • Human Rights in Emergency Situations / Mordechai Kremnitzer (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Roma Rights / Bernard Rorke (Mod. 5-6, 1 credit)
  • International Criminal Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 6, 2 credits)

* Government-related courses (2 credits must be obtained out of 4)

  • Introduction to EU Constitutional Law / Petra Bárd (Mod. 2, 1 credit)
  • Separation of Powers / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
  • Constitution-Building in Africa / Markus Böckenförde, Gedion Hessebon (Mod. 4, 1 credit) 
  • EU Constitutional Law – Advanced / Ronan McCrea (Mod. 5, 1 credit)

* Enforcing Rights and Human Rights Advocacy (2 credits must be obtained out of 6)

  • Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
  • Courts in Dialogue / András Sajó (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
  • Mental Disability Law and Advocacy / Oliver Lewis (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
  • Constitutional Adjudication / Aharon Barak (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Persuasive Argumentation Exercise – Moot Court / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
  • International Human Rights Advocacy and Practice / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 6, 1 credit)

* Theoretical Perspectives (2 credit must be obtained out of 5)

  • Critical Perspectives on Human Rights / Charlotte Steinorth (Mod. 5, 2 credits) 
  • Critical Race Theory / Mathias Möschel (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Interpreting the ECHR: Theories and Doctrines / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Theory of Fundamental Rights / Matthias Mahlmann (Mod. 6, 1 credit)

 

Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.

Students in the International Justice Specialization and the Clinical Specialization shall see further requirements.

 

 

 

International Business Law – credit requirements (IBL LL.M.)

Students studying for an LL.M. degree in International Business Law shall obtain 24 Legal Studies course credits and shall write a short thesis; or they shall obtain 21 credits and write a long thesis.  
The course credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:
Mandatory courses
Anglo-American Legal Concepts / Peter Hay (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Computer-based Legal Research/ SJD candidates (Mod. 1, 0 credit)
Contracts – Introduction with Focus on Common Law/ Caterina Sganga (Mod.1, 1 credit)
Contracts – Introduction with Focus on Civil Law / Stefan Messmann (Mod. 1, 1 credit) 
EU Law I / Markus Petsche (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)
Restricted elective courses (2 credits shall be obtained out of 4) 
Law and Ethnicity / Tamás Korhecz (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
EU Law II / Markus Petsche (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
International Civil Litigation / Peter Hay (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Mediation / Markus Petsche (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
For the mandatory courses, IBL LL.M. students receive a total of 4 credits at the end of the academic year. Accordingly, IBL LL.M. students shall take an additional 20 course credits (including restricted elective courses) during the academic year if they submit a short thesis, or 17 course credits if they submit a long thesis.

Students studying for an LL.M. degree in International Business Law shall obtain 24 Legal Studies course credits and shall write a short thesis; or they shall obtain 21 credits and write a long thesis.  

 

The course credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:

 

Mandatory courses

  • Anglo-American Legal Concepts / Peter Hay (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Computer-based Legal Research/ SJD candidates (Mod. 1, 0 credit)
  • Contracts – Introduction with Focus on Common Law/ Caterina Sganga (Mod.1, 1 credit)
  • Contracts – Introduction with Focus on Civil Law / Stefan Messmann (Mod. 1, 1 credit) 
  • EU Law I / Markus Petsche (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)

 

Restricted elective courses (2 credits shall be obtained out of 4) 

  • Law and Ethnicity / Tamás Korhecz (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
  • EU Law II / Markus Petsche (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
  • International Civil Litigation / Peter Hay (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
  • Mediation / Markus Petsche (Mod. 6, 1 credit)

 

For the mandatory courses, IBL LL.M. students receive a total of 4 credits at the end of the academic year. Accordingly, IBL LL.M. students shall take an additional 20 course credits (including restricted elective courses) during the academic year if they submit a short thesis, or 17 course credits if they submit a long thesis.

International Justice Specialization for HR M.A. and LL.M. students – requirements

International Justice Specialization for Human Rights M.A. students
Credit requirements
Students studying for an M.A. degree in Human Rights with an International Justice Specialization must obtain 28 Legal Studies course credits and must write a thesis of 50-100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words). 
The 28 credits must be obtained according the following rules: HR M.A. students receive a total of 15 credits for mandatory courses (program- and specialization-specific), and shall take an additional 13 credits (5 credits from restricted elective courses and 8 credits from elective courses) during the academic year.
I. Mandatory courses
1. Program-specific mandatory courses (7 credits)
Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit)
Introduction to Human Rights / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Introduction to Law / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
Introduction to Public International Law / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 2, 1 credit)
Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit) 
Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)
2. International Justice Specialization-specific mandatory courses (8 credits)
Archives, Evidence and Human Rights / Iván Székely, Csaba Szilágyi, András Mink (Mod 3-4, 2 credits) 
Human Rights in Emergency Situations / Mordechai Kremnitzer (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Victims’ Rights and Due Process / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Fair Trial Rights Before International Criminal Tribunals / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
International Criminal Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 6, 2 credits) 
II. Restricted elective courses
1. Rights-related courses (3 credits must be obtained out of 10)
Human Rights and Criminal Justice / Károly Bárd (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
Individual and Human Rights / Wiktor Osiatynski (Mod. 3, 2 credits)
Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
2. Advocacy & Human Rights Policy (2 credits must be obtained out of 6)
Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
OSA Human Rights Documentation Internship / Csaba Szilágyi (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
Designing and Implementing Human Rights Projects / Károly Bárd (Mod. 4-5, 1 credit)
Human Rights in the Developing World / Charlotte Steinorth (Mod. 6, 2 credits) 
International Human Rights Advocacy and Practice / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 6, 1 credit) 
Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.
 
International Justice Specialization for Human Rights LL.M. students
 
Credit requirements
Students studying for an LL.M. degree in Human Rights with an International Justice Specialization must obtain 28 Legal Studies course credits and must write a thesis of 50-100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words). 
The 28 credits must be obtained according the following rules: HR LL.M. students receive a total of 14 credits for mandatory courses (program- and specialization-specific), and shall take an additional 14 credits (5 credits from restricted elective courses and 9 credits from elective courses) during the academic year.
I. Mandatory courses:
1. Program-specific mandatory courses (7 credits)
Introduction to Public International Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 1, 2 credits)
Introduction to Human Rights / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit) 
Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit) 
Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / S.J.D. Candidate (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit)
Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)
2. International Justice Specialization-specific mandatory courses (8 credits)
Archives, Evidence and Human Rights / Iván Székely, Csaba Szilágyi, András Mink (Mod 3-4, 2 credits) 
Human Rights in Emergency Situations / Mordechai Kremnitzer (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Victims’ Rights and Due Process / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Fair Trial Rights Before International Criminal Tribunals / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
International Criminal Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 6, 2 credits) 
II. Restricted elective courses: 
1. Rights-related courses – Classics (3 credits must be obtained out of 9)
Human Rights and Criminal Justice / Károly Bárd (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
Political Rights in Comparative Perspective / Daniel Smilov (Mod. 4, 1 credit) 
Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
2. Enforcing Rights and Human Rights Advocacy (2 credits must be obtained out of 6)
Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
Courts in Dialogue / András Sajó (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
OSA Human Rights Documentation Internship / Csaba Szilágyi (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
Constitutional Adjudication / Aharon Barak (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
Persuasive Argumentation Exercise – Moot Court / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
International Human Rights Advocacy and Practice / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.

International Justice Specialization for Human Rights M.A. students

Students studying for an M.A. degree in Human Rights with an International Justice Specialization must obtain 28 Legal Studies course credits and must write a thesis of 50-100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words). 


The 28 credits must be obtained according the following rules: HR M.A. students receive a total of 15 credits for mandatory courses (program- and specialization-specific), and shall take an additional 13 credits (5 credits from restricted elective courses and 8 credits from elective courses) during the academic year.


I. Mandatory courses

1. Program-specific mandatory courses (7 credits)

  • Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit)
  • Introduction to Human Rights / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Introduction to Law / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
  • Introduction to Public International Law / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 2, 1 credit)
  • Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit) 
  • Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)


2. International Justice Specialization-specific mandatory courses (8 credits)

  • Archives, Evidence and Human Rights / Iván Székely, Csaba Szilágyi, András Mink (Mod 3-4, 2 credits) 
  • Human Rights in Emergency Situations / Mordechai Kremnitzer (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Victims’ Rights and Due Process / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Fair Trial Rights Before International Criminal Tribunals / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
  • International Criminal Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 6, 2 credits) 


II. Restricted elective courses

1. Rights-related courses (3 credits must be obtained out of 10)

  • Human Rights and Criminal Justice / Károly Bárd (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
  • Individual and Human Rights / Wiktor Osiatynski (Mod. 3, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)


2. Advocacy & Human Rights Policy (2 credits must be obtained out of 6)

  • Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Mod. 3, 1 credit) 
  • OSA Human Rights Documentation Internship / Csaba Szilágyi (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
  • Designing and Implementing Human Rights Projects / Károly Bárd (Mod. 4-5, 1 credit)
  • Human Rights in the Developing World / Charlotte Steinorth (Mod. 6, 2 credits) 
  • International Human Rights Advocacy and Practice / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 6, 1 credit) 


Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.

 

International Justice Specialization for Human Rights LL.M. students

 


Students studying for an LL.M. degree in Human Rights with an International Justice Specialization must obtain 28 Legal Studies course credits and must write a thesis of 50-100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words). 


The 28 credits must be obtained according the following rules: HR LL.M. students receive a total of 14 credits for mandatory courses (program- and specialization-specific), and shall take an additional 14 credits (5 credits from restricted elective courses and 9 credits from elective courses) during the academic year.


I. Mandatory courses:

1. Program-specific mandatory courses (7 credits)

  • Introduction to Public International Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 1, 2 credits)
  • Introduction to Human Rights / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 1, 1 credit) 
  • Development of Legal Systems: Historical Context / Vladimir Petrovic (Mod. 1, 0 credit) 
  • Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / S.J.D. Candidate (Mod. 1, 1 credit)
  • Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
  • Academic Legal Writing and Research / Sejal Parmar or Mathias Möschel (Mod. 2-3, 0 credit)
  • Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Mod. 3 or 4, 0 credit)


2. International Justice Specialization-specific mandatory courses (8 credits)

  • Archives, Evidence and Human Rights / Iván Székely, Csaba Szilágyi, András Mink (Mod 3-4, 2 credits) 
  • Human Rights in Emergency Situations / Mordechai Kremnitzer (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Victims’ Rights and Due Process / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Fair Trial Rights Before International Criminal Tribunals / Károly Bárd (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
  • International Criminal Law / Roger O’Keefe (Mod. 6, 2 credits) 


II. Restricted elective courses: 

1. Rights-related courses – Classics (3 credits must be obtained out of 9)

  • Human Rights and Criminal Justice / Károly Bárd (Mod. 2, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Expression: Comparative Law Perspectives / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 2-3, 2 credits)
  • Political Rights in Comparative Perspective / Daniel Smilov (Mod. 4, 1 credit) 
  • Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Mod. 5, 1 credit)
  • Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Mod. 5-6, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Mod. 6, 1 credit)


2. Enforcing Rights and Human Rights Advocacy (2 credits must be obtained out of 6)

  • Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Mod. 3, 1 credit)
  • Courts in Dialogue / András Sajó (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
  • OSA Human Rights Documentation Internship / Csaba Szilágyi (Mod. 4, 1 credit)
  • Constitutional Adjudication / Aharon Barak (Mod. 5, 1 credit) 
  • Persuasive Argumentation Exercise – Moot Court / Eszter Polgári (Mod. 6, 1 credit)
  • International Human Rights Advocacy and Practice / Sejal Parmar (Mod. 6, 1 credit)


Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.

Clinical Specialization for HR and CCL students – requirements

 

Faculty Supervisor:

Károly Bárd

 

The Comparative Constitutional Law and the Human Rights Programs offer their degrees with a clinical specialization. Students participating in the clinical course will work closely with lawyers, providing comparative legal research as required by the progress of the case. Clinical courses are organized around two intensive workshops and require substantive individual research throughout the academic year.

 

Students participating in the clinical course have to meet the credit requirements of their Program (for details please see the relevant program requirements). In addition to the clinical course students will be required to take a number of designated courses to earn the 'specialization' degree.

 

The registration deadline for the clinical course will be announced separately.

 

The final selection of participants will be made by the Program Chairs (Professors Károly Bárd and Renáta Uitz) on the basis of a "statement of interest" also taking into account the applicants’ academic merits (GPA and overall academic performance).

 

Students participating in the Clinical Specialization shall take 

- the Clinical Course (3 credits) and

- an additional 4 mandatory credits assigned by the Faculty Supervisor.

 

The Faculty Supervisor also retains the right to require certain restricted elective courses to be taken by students participating in this Clinical Course.

 

CCL students participating in the Clinical Specialization may write a short thesis to the Clinical Course. HR students are encouraged to write their thesis on a topic related to the Clinical Course.