Publications of Bárd, P.

Bárd K, Bárd P. The European Convention on Human Rights and the Hungarian Legal System. In: Panović-Đurić S, editor. Comparative Study on the Implementation of the ECHR at the National Level. Belgrade: Council of Europe, Office in Belgrade; 2016. p. 147-66.
Bárd P, Bárd K. Evropska konvencija o ljudskim pravima i pravni sistem Mađarske. In: Panović-Đurić S, editor. Uporedni prikaz primene Evropske konvencije o ljudskim pravima na nacionalnom nivou. Beograd: Savet Evrope Kancelarija u Beogradu; 2016. p. 145-64.
Bárd K. Az eljárási rendszerek közelítése. In: Bárd P, Hack P, Holé K, editors. Pusztai László Emlékére. Budapest: P-T Műhely az Országos Kriminológiai intézet és az ELTE Állam és Jogtudományi Karának megbízásából ; 2014. p. 23-32.
Bárd P, Sándor J. The Question of Anonymity and Privacy in Biobanking. In: Lenk C, Sándor J, Gordijn B, editors. Biobanks and Tissue Research: the public, the patient and the regulation. Dordrecht: Springer ; 2011. p. 213-30. (International library of ethics, law and technology).
Sándor J, Bárd P. Anonymisation and Pseudonymisation as Means of Privacy Protection. In: Beier K, Schnorrer S, Hoppe N, Lenk C, editors. The Ethical and Legal Regulation of Human Tissue and Biobank Research in Europe. Göttingen: Universitätsverlag Göttingen; 2011. p. 25-34.

Law, ethics and medicine The case of biobank with the law: between a legal and scientific fiction

According to estimates more than 400 biobanks currently operate across Europe. The term ‘biobank’ indicates a specific field of genetic study that has quietly developed without any significant critical reflection across European societies. Although scientists now routinely use this phrase, the wider public is still confused when the word ‘bank’ is being connected with the collection of their biological samples. There is a striking lack of knowledge of this field. In the recent Eurobarometer survey it was demonstrated that even in 2010 two-thirds of the respondents had never even heard about biobanks. The term gives the impression that a systematic collection of biological samples can constitute a ‘bank’ of considerable financial worth, where the biological samples, which are insignificant in isolation but are valuable as a collection, can be preserved, analysed and put to ‘profitable use’. By studying the practices of the numerous already existing biobanks, the authors address the following questions: to what extent does the term ‘biobank’ reflect the normative concept of using biological samples for the purposes of biomedical research? Furthermore, is it in harmony with the so far agreed legal–ethical consensus in Europe or does it deliberately pull science to the territory of a new, ambiguous commercial field? In other words, do biobanks constitute a medico-legal fiction or are they substantively different from other biomedical research protocols on human tissues?

Bárd P, Borbíró A. Control society uncontrolled. In: Virág G, editor. Studies in Criminology 47. Budapest: National Insistute of Criminology; 2010. p. 87-112.
Bárd P. The S. and Marper case. Jogesetek magyarázata (JeMa). 2010;4:70-87.
Bárd P. Forensic biobanks: an effective crime prevention tool or the establishment of a surveillance society. In: Gluchman V, editor. Bioethics in Central Europe . Presov: Filozofická fakulta PU v Presove; 2009. p. 141-9.
Bárd P. Genetic Databases in the Forensic Context: A European Perspective. In: Dierickx K, Borry P, editors. New Challenges for Biobanks: Ethics, Law and Governance. Antwerp: Intersentia; 2009. p. 167-80.
Bárd P. Constitutional and Judicial Review of Surrender. The Fate of the EAW in Hungary. In: Guild E, Marin L, editors. Still not Resolved? Constitutional Issues of the European Arrest Warrant. Nijmegen: Wolf; 2009. p. 209-28.
Bárd P. Helyreállító igazságszolgáltatás . In: Borbíró A, Kerezsi K, editors. A kriminálpolitika és a társadalmi bűnmegelőzés kézikönyve I. Budapest; 2009. p. 191-223.
Bárd P. European Union: The Area of Freedom, Security or Jusitce? . In: Virág G, editor. Studies in Criminology. Vol 46. Budapest: National Insistute of Criminology; 2009. p. 95-114.
Bárd P. A fogyatékkal élő személyek jogai: Tolerancia a társadalmi szerződésben. In: Bertók R, Barcsi T, Bécsi Z, editors. Tolerancia?! Kirekesztés – megtűrés – befogadás . Pécs: Ethos; 2008. p. 64-72.
Bárd P. A kölcsönös bizalom elvével szembeni alkotmányos aggályok az európai elfogatóparancs példáján keresztül. In: Virág G, editor. Kriminológiai Tanulmányok. Vol 45. Budapest: National Insistute of Criminology; 2008. p. 175-92.
Bárd P. A társadalompolitikai paradigma vesztesei. Gondolatok az értelmi fogyatékkal élő személyek jogairól [The Loosers of the Social Model. Thoughts on the Rights of Persons Living with Mental Disabilities]. In: Értelmi Fogyatékossággal Élők és Segítőik Országos Érdekvédelmi Szövetsége: Az értelmi fogyatékossággal élők helyzetének jogi aspektusa és az új Polgári Törvénykönyv tervezete. Budapest: ÉFOESZ; 2008. p. 84-98.
Bárd P. Mutual diffidence against the principle of a "high level of confidence" in the Third Pillar. In: Dieringer J, Müller MM, editors. Freiheitsrechte in der Europäischen Union. Opladen: Verlag Barbara Budrich; 2008. in print.
Bárd P. Európai alkotmányozás és az uniós polgárság [European Constitution-Making and Union Citizenship]. In: Hegedűs I, editor. A magyarok bemenetele (Tagállamként a bővülő Európai Unióban) [Hungary Marching In (As a Member State in the Enlarging European Union)]. Budapest: DKMKKA; 2006. p. 333-54.
Bárd P. The Regulation of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the European Union. Fifth Workshop for Young Scholars WISH, Les Travaux du CERIC. 2006:in print.

The German Anti-Discrimination Legislation with a Special Focus on Disability

The present essay discusses the recently adopted Act on Anti-Discrimination and the current and future system of disability rights protection mechanisms in the Federal Republic of Germany. Partly as a response to the atrocities of World War II, partly as a return to pre-war period, both East- and West-Germany adopted extensive disability-related protection mechanisms. The laws currently in force are following this tradition making the system of German disability rights one of the most progressive in Europe. Several pieces of legislation ensure rehabilitation and participation of disabled persons, moreover Germany's constitution has been amended, so that disability is included among the prohibited grounds of the clause on non-discrimination. Most recently, Germany should have implemented the European Union's Framework Directive the scope of which extends to the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of disability in employment matters. Germany, traditionally so cautious about human rights issues, transposed the Directive with a two-year-delay. The paper scrutinizes the implementing national law and explores the reasons for its numerous failures and the way towards adoption. Various legal and constitutional issues, among others on third party effect, freedom and equality had been brought up in the debate around transposition that had not been addressed at the time the German disability-related laws had been adopted. The study of these controversies around implementation of the EU Directive is a unique opportunity to shed some light on the underlying constitutional issues of anti-discrimination laws-not only in Germany, but in all Member States of the Union which implemented the Directive without any public, political or legal debates.

"Ne parázz!" Gondolatok a fogyatékosságról a sérült emberek világát bemutató gyermekkönyv kapcsán

Varga Lívia Éva gyógypedagógus, Bánki László gyermekpszichológus, és Csató Gyula szociális munkás „Ne Parázz!” címû könyve 9-14 éveseknek mutatja be a sérült emberek mindennapjait, és ad iránymutatást, hogy hogyan segíthetnek a fogyatékkal élôknek.1 A gyermekeknek szóló mesékben a felnôttek, gyerekek, és más lények belsô tulajdonságai is megjósolhatók bizonyos külsô jegyek alapján. Ezekkel válnak beazonosíthatóvá bizonyos belsô, negatív tulajdonságok. Végre egy gyerekkönyv, amely szakít e hagyománnyal.

Bárd P. Gondolatok a fogyatékosságról [Thoughts on Disability]. Ügyészek Lapja [Public Prosecutors’ Journal]. 2006;3:53-60.
Bárd P. A születő európai alkotmány [European Constitution in the Making]. Acta Facultatis Politico-Iuridicae Universitatis Scientiarum Budapestinensis de Rolando Eötvös Nominatae TOMUS XL-XLI. 2004:255-70.